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Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Wed Nov 11, 2009 10:44 pm
by yeezevee
Let Us Learn a Bit About Early Islam, The CALIPHS., In-Laws of Mr. PBUH and Their kith & Kin

well some one asked me to tell something about calipah Ali., (Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib) the Son in-law Prophet of Islam and husband of Fatima ., I casually sent the link from old ffi forum http://www.faithfreedom.org/forum/viewt ... sc&start=0" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false; without realizing I wrote nothing about calipah Ali but has information about other rightly guided Caliphas..., Any ways let us put calipah Ali information here ..
His birth & Parentage

Hadrat Ali was the son of Abu Talib, a prominent Quraish chief and custodian of the Holy Ka'bah. Abu Talib was so-called because he was the father of "Talib," the eldest brother of Hadrat Ali. The real name of Abu Talib was 'Abd Manaf.' However, he was more popularly known by his surname than by his real name. Abu Talib was the son of Abdul Muttalib. Abdul Muttalib was also a surname, his real name being Shaybah. Abdul Muttalib was the son of Hashim. Hashim was a great man of his line, and his descendants came to be known as Hashimites.

The mother of Hadrat Ali was Fatima. She was the daughter of Asad who was a son of Hashim. Fatima was a cousin of Abu Talib. Thus, both the father and mother of Hadrat Ali were Hashimites, and that was a great honour.

Ancestry of Hadrat Ali and the holy Prophet

The holy Prophet was the son of Abdullah who was the son of Abdul Muttalib. Abdullah and Abu Talib were real brothers. Abu Talib was thus the real paternal uncle of the holy Prophet of Islam. Hadrat Ali was the first cousin of the holy Prophet. The holy Prophet and Hadrat Ali had a common grandfather who was Abdul Muttalib.
Abdul Muttalib was the son of Hashim, who was the son of Abd Manaf, who was the son of Qusay, who was the son of Murrah, who was the son a Kaab, who was the son of Luayy, who was the son of Ghalib, who was the son of Fihr, who was the son of Malik, who was the son of Nadr, who was the son of Kannah. Beyond Kannah, the ancestry extended to Hadrat Ismail, and Hadrat Ibrahim, who flourished some 2,500 years earlier....(That is Gibberish from BRAIN WASHED MUSLIMS ..yeezevee)
His name

Fatima wanted to name her child "Asad" after her father and Abu Talib wanted to name him Zaid. When both mother and the child returned home, the holy Prophet, and Hadrat Khadijah came to see her newborn child. Since his birth, he had not opened his eyes, and that worried both Fatima and Abu Talib. However, when the holy Prophet took the child in his lap, then he opened his eyes. So the first person that Hadrat Ali saw after his birth was the holy Prophet. When the holy Prophet was asked whether he approved of the child being named either Asad or Zaid, he said that since the child was born in the House of God, he should be named Ali (the word Ali being a derivative of Allah). Hadrat Ali had thus had the distinction of being named after Allah. No one before him had ever been so named. Furthermore, the name acquired more sanctity because it was suggested by the holy Prophet.
Periods in the life of Hadrat Ali

The life of Hadrat Ali can be divided into three distinct periods. The first period comprises the first 32 years of his life and extends from 600 to 632 CE. I call this period the period of the education and action. It was during this period that he received his education under the loving care of the holy Prophet; imbibed with values of Islam; and acquired all the attributes that contribute to greatness. In the post-Hijri years, he emerged as the greatest warrior of the age. He distinguished himself as a great warrior in the battles of Badr, Uhud and the Ditch. His crowning success was his conquest of the Khyber. In battle he killed more men [through hand-to-hand combat] than any other single man in history. All those who fought in the duels against him were invariably killed. He came to be known as the "Lion of God."

He acted as a Justice, and acquired fame for his wise and well-reasoned judgments. He acted as the Governor of Yemen, and acquired a good deal of experience as administrator. He had the honour of announcing the verses of the Holy Qur'an about the "Declaration of Immunity" to the people on behalf of the Holy Prophet on the location of the Hajj. When the holy Prophet died, Hadrat Ali was in the prime of his youth and he was enlightened, experienced, wise, valiant -- the embodiment of virtue. He had expected that because of his outstanding qualities and his relationship to the holy Prophet, he would be chosen as the Caliph. He was however, passed over, and this state of affairs continued for 24 years when the office of the caliphate was held by Hadrat Abu Bakr, Hadrat Umar and Hadrat Othman.
The third period began when Hadrat Ali was elected as Caliph. This period only lasted for five years. I call this period the period of frustration. Hadrat Ali found the caliphate to be a bed of thorns. During those five years, he fought three battles: (i) the Battle of the Camel, (ii) the Battle of Siffin, and (iii) the Battle of Nahrawan. All three battles were fought against the Muslims and led to considerable bloodshed. It was a matter of the great shock for him, that instead of fighting against non-Muslims, he had to fight against Muslims. During this period, Hadrat Ali had to suffer from frustration because of repeated and continuous betrayals, even by men close to him. At the outset of his caliphate, he was betrayed by Banu Umayya when Muawiyah defied him and accused him of involvement in the murder of Hadrat Othman. He was betrayed by the people of Medina who did not respond to his call to undertake 'jihad' against Muawiyah. He was betrayed by Talha and Zubair, who took the oath of allegiance [from] him and later defected. He was betrayed by Hadrat A'isha his mother-in-law, who took top arms against him. He was betrayed by the people of Basra who had taken the oath of allegiance [from] him but later defected.

At Siffin he was betrayed by his own army who would not fight when the victory was in sight. In the matter of arbitration, he was betrayed by his umpire Abu Musa Ashari, who instead of defending his cause, deposed him. He had to face the succession of the Kharijites who had originally fought on his side at the battle of Siffin. He was betrayed by Khurrity b. Raashid who had been his ally, but later revolted against him, and created trouble in Basra. He was betrayed by his own brother Aquil who was not satisfied with the allowance that Hadrat Ali gave him, and joined Muawiyah who rewarded him handsomely. He was betrayed by his cousin Abdullah b. Abbas when he had appointed as the Governor of Basra, and who left his post after misappropriated heavy fines from the Bait-ul-Mal. The final active betrayal came when Hadrat Ali was married, by a fanatic Kharijite.
Hadrat Ali, The Man_Physical appearance

Hadrat Ali was of medium-high height. He had a superb head with a face as noble as the man himself. His nose was straight, and his mouth was beautifully formed. His eyes were most commanding, being full of light and luster. There was an note of music in his voice. There was an aura of spirituality and a strong personal magnetism about him. In his youth he was handsome and full of fiery vigour. When he was older he became corpulent and bulky. His gray hair gave way to baldness. His beard, however, remained thick and luxuriant, and he often dyed it red. He was stout, genial, charitable, meditative, reserved, and he was a man who towered high above the people around him because of his intellectual and spiritual attainments.

Wives and children of Hadrat Ali


The principal wife of Hadrat Ali was Hadrat Fatima, the favourite daughter of the holy Prophet. During the lifetime of Hadrat Fatima, Hadrat Ali at one stage proposed to marry a daughter of Abu Jahl. When the holy Prophet came to know of this proposal, he became annoyed and declared that if Hadrat Ali wanted to marry another wife, he should divorce Hadrat Fatima first. Thereupon Hadrat Ali abandoned the idea of marrying another wife. Hadrat Fatima was the mother of three sons and two daughters. The sons were Hasan, Hussain, and Mohsin. Mohsin died during childhood. The daughters were Zainab and Umm Kulthum.

After the death of Hadrat Fatima, Hadrat Ali married a number of wives. They were:

(1) Umm-ul-Bunian who was the daughter of Hazam b. Khalid. Hadrat Ali had five sons from her, namely: Abdullah, Jafar, Abbas, Othman, and Umar. All of them except Abbas were martyred in the battle of Karbala along with Hadrat Hussain.

(2) Khaula was the daughter of Jafar Hanfiyah. She was the mother of the son known as Muhammad b. Hanfiyah.

(3) Umm Habib who was the daughter of Rabiah. She gave birth to a son Umar, in the daughter Ruqiya.

(4) Asma who was the daughter of Umais. She was in the first instance married to Hadrat Jafar, an elder brother of Hadrat Ali. On the death of Hadrat Jafar, Hadrat Abu Bakr married her. After the death of Hadrat Abu Bakr she married Hadrat Ali. She had to sons from Hadrat Ali, namely: Yahya and Muhammad Asghar.

(5) Laila who was the daughter of Masud. She was the mother of two sons, namely Ubaidullah and Abu Bakr.

(6) Umama who was a daughter of Abi Al Aa's and Hadrat Zainab and elder sister of Hadrat Fatima. Her son from Hadrat Ali bore the name of Muhammad Awsat.

(7) Umm Saeed who was a daughter of Urwa. She bore Hadrat Ali two daughters, namely: Umm-ul-Hasan and Rumia.

(8) Muhyat was a daughter of the famous Arab poet Imra-ul-Qais. She gave birth to a daughter who expired in infancy.

Hadrat Ali married nine wives in all including Hadrat Fatima. The number of wives at a time however did not exceed four.
He had a few slave girls of whom Humia and Umm Shuaib bore him 12 daughters, Nafisa, Zainab, Ruqiya, Umm-ul-Karaam, Humaira, Umm Salma, Sughra, Khadija, Umm Hani, Umm Kulthum Jamana and Maimuna. Hadrat Ali was, in all, the father of 15 sons and 18 daughters. [total = 33 children]
His relationship with the holy Prophet

* On opening his eyes after his birth, the first person who he saw was the holy Prophet.
* The holy Prophet gave him his name.
* As an infant he had the honour of sucking the tongue of the holy Prophet.
* He was the first cousin of the holy Prophet. He became a ward of the holy Prophet, and was brought up as a family member of the household of the holy Prophet.
* He received his training under the loving care and guidance of the holy Prophet.
* When the holy Prophet declared his mission, he was the first teenager to be converted to Islam.
* Hadrat Khadijah and Hadrat Ali were the first two persons to pray behind the holy Prophet.
* When the holy Prophet invited the Hashimites to a dinner, and aked them to aid him in his mission, Hadrat Ali was the only person to respond to the call of the holy Prophet.
* He risked his life for the sake of the holy Prophet and slept on his bed when the holy Prophet left for Medina and the Quraish youth besieged the house with a view to killing the holy Prophet.
* When the holy Prophet left for Medina, he entrusted to Hadrat Ali the task of returning the belongings of the people. They had placed their belongings in the custody of the holy Prophet for safekeeping.
* When the holy Prophet joined the Muhajirs and the Ansars in fraternity in Medina, he allied himself in fraternity with Hadrat Ali.
* The holy Prophet married his beloved daughter Fatima Zahra to Hadrat Ali.
* He was commissioned by the holy Prophet to write the agreement which came to be known as the Hudaybia Pact.
* After the conquest of Mecca, he had the unique distinction of standing on the shoulders of the holy Prophet and destroying the idols in the Ka'bah.
* He was entrusted by the holy Prophet with the special mission of announcing the Quraish Sura "Al Bara'at" (Immunity) to the people on the occasion of the pilgrimage.
* He was the only person to whom the holy Prophet referred to as the "Maula" [Master] of the Ummah
* When the holy Prophet proposed "Mubahala" [a special kind of debate] with the Christians and the Najran, he chose Hadrat Ali as his "second man."
* The progeny of the holy Prophet descends through Hadrat Ali.
* He was the only person to whom the holy Prophet imparted "inward knowledge."
* The holy Prophet conferred many appellations on Hadrat Ali such as Hidar-iKarrar, Abu Turab, Asad-ullah, Syedul Arab, etc.
* The holy Prophet declared his relationship to Hadrat Ali as that of Moses and Aaron.
* When the holy Prophet died, Hadrat Ali washed him and prepared his dead body for burial.
excerpted from from the book 'Hadrat Ali, r. a.' by Prof. Masud-ul-Hasan. the book is available from Islamic Publications (Pvt.) Ltd., http://www.onlineislamicstore.com/b5578.html" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;

Just a note here., We should recognize that violence is common to Muslim political culture. Fourteen out of 37 caliphs were assassinated from 755 to 1258 AD, which is often described as the "golden age of Islam." In fact, according to a revealing, "ninety years of Ummayyad rule witnessed hundreds of skirmishes between rival Muslim armies. These included the armed invasions of Medina and Mecca by Umayyad armies, when rocks and flaming arrows were rained upon the Holy Ka'aba until it collapsed". The fact that such data has been collated by Muslim scholars bothers some, because otherwise they could have dismissed it as "infidel" cant.

And Muslims say Islam is a peaceful religion..

yeezevee

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Sat May 01, 2010 3:30 pm
by yeezevee
Calipha is essentially a person acting in Muhammad's place after his death, as the leader of Muslim folks to lead Islamic Ummah in the foots steps of Prophet Muhammad and his preachings in Quran/Hadith and Sunnah. When Muhammad died in the year 632, the Muslim community faced a problem on how their community should be governed and how leaders should be appointed.

There were conflicting stories on what Muhammad had said, and the tensions that came already with the first appointment of a leader, a person acting in the place of the Messenger, a khalifatu r-rasuul, few months after Muhammad's death. Khalifa can be translated as "successor, vicegerent", but is a term that is seldom used for anything else other than the leader of the entire Muslim community. And when other forms of usage appear, the use of "Caliph" (khalifa), is very consistent regarding the main meaning of the term.

Through out the history there were parallel Caliphs, but none had as much symbolic power and influence as the one that followed the line of Caliphs from Abu Bakr who was the first Caliph after the death of Muhammad. This line of Caliphs had a steady residence in Damascus from 661 to 750, and Baghdad and Samarra up until 1258. After 1258, and until 1924 there have been several Caliphs, but all of these have had only limited influence, they have represented no continuation of the Caliphs of Baghdad, and in more than one case, these caliphhoods have been motivated by local Islamic political motives, and some may not have followed the same rules as that of rightly guided original four Caliphas. After 8th century, The Muslim world have never agreed upon uniting behind any single Caliph and infighting continues to plague through out Islamic history.
excerpts from http://www.allaboutturkey.com/halife.htm" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;
1. The Rashiduns (632-661): Rashidun is the name used for the first four Caliphs, from 632 to 661, and indicate that these were the just and admirable leaders of the Muslim community. This period was marked by a long line of conquests by the Arabs, as well as endeavors to turn the leaflets of the revelations that had been given to Muhammad into a book, the Holy Koran. Inside the Muslim realms peace prevailed until the death of Uthman in 656. As this was a murder, the Muslim could not agree upon quite who was responsible. This time, the caliphate of Ali, came with the two schismas that has impregnated Islam ever since, when first there was a break between the majority and a group now known as Kharijis, and later between the group now known as Shi'is and the Sunnis.

2. The Ummawiyys (661-750): The Ummawiyyas got their power through military actions, a fact that influenced their religious legitimacy strongly through the 90 years they had the power. Most Muslim regard the Ummawiyyas as less admirable than both the Rashiduns and the later Abbasids. Even if the Shi'is did not accept the rule of the Ummawiyy Caliphs, this group was at the time to weak to represent much of a threat to the ruling group.

3. The Abbasids (750-1258): The Abbasids was to a large extent Shi'is (the division lines of today was not as clear in those early days), and the defeating of the Ummawiyys was strongly motivated by Ali's claim on the leading position in the Muslim world. The Abbasid Caliph involved himself strongly in the religious life of the community. The distance between ruler and people became longer, the court of the Caliph was one of increasing splendor.

The 9th century was the start of the decline of the real influence of the Caliph on first politics, and soon also religious matters. The symbolic importance was, however, increased. All effective power was lost in 946. The Buyyids became the new ruling dynasty, but in secular terms. Some cases of outward importance of the Caliph was seen in some cases in the following centuries, but this was mainly instances where the secular ruler got the blessings of the Caliph, but without giving the Caliph any form of influence. The blessings, in the shape of a diploma of investiture and robes of honor was given to strong leaders as Saladin.

In 928 Abdu r-Rahman III of Spain, a desendant of the Ummawiyys, took the title caliph, a title his descendants also carried. The Fatimids of Egypt had also taken this title, as far as back to 909, but they put less emphasis on this than what the Ummawiyys of Spain did.

4. The period after 1258: When al-Musta'sim was killed in 1258 by the Mongols, he did not leave any heir. The uncle of al-Musta'sim was however installed in the position as Caliph in 1261 in Cairo, but this Caliph disappeared in the desert when bringing an army up north in order to try to sack the Mongols. A new Caliph was installed in 1262, once again in Cairo, this also a relative of al-Musta'sim. A mere symbol, without the permission to move freely around, this new line of Caliphs stayed in their position for about 250 years. Except from installing the Sultan in great ceremonies, this Caliph had no importance. The Abbasid Caliph of Cairo was also ignored by the rest of the Muslim world.
Excepted from different sources..

yeezevee

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Sat May 01, 2010 3:32 pm
by yeezevee
Names of Caliphs Starting from Abu Bakr.

Year AD Year Hijra Caliph's official name

The Rashiduns

632-34 11-13 Abu Bakr
634-44 13-23 Umar ibnu l-Khattab
644-56 23-35 Uthman ibn Affan
656-61 35-40 Ali ibn Abi Talib

The Ummawiyys

661-80 41-60 Mu'awiyya ibn Abi Sufyan
680-83 60-64 Yazid I
683-84 64 Mu'awiyya II
684-85 64-65 Marwan ibnu l-Hakam
685-705 65-86 Abu l-Malik
705-15 86-96 al-Walid
715-17 96-99 Sulayman
717-20 99-101 Umar II ibnu Abdi l-Aziz
720-24 101-05 Yazid II
724-43 105-24 Hisham
743-44 125-26 al-Walid II
744 126 Yazid III
744 126-27 Ibrahim
744-50 127-32 Marwan II al-Himar

The Abbasids

749-54 132-36 as-Saffah
754-75 136-58 al-Mansur
775-85 158-69 al-Mahdi
785-86 169-70 al-Hadi
786-809 170-93 Harunu r-Rashid
809-13 193-98 al-Amin ibn Harun
813-33 198-218 al-Ma'mun ibn Harun
833-42 218-27 al-Mu'tasim ibn Harun
842-47 227-32 al-Wathiq
847-61 232-47 al-Mutawakkil
861-62 247-48 al-Muntasir
862-66 248-52 al-Musta'in
866-69 252-55 al-Mu'tazz
869-70 255-56 al-Muhtadi
870-92 256-79 al-Mu'tamid
892-902 279-89 al-Mu'tadid
902-08 289-95 al-Muktafi ibnu l-Mu'tadid
908-32 295-320 Muqtadir bi'llahi bni l-Mu'tadid
932-34 320-22 al-Qahir bi'llahi bni l-Mu'tadid
934-40 322-29 al-Radi bi'llahi bni l-Muqtadir
940-44 329-33 al-Mutaqqi li'llahi bni l-Muqtadir
944-46 333-34 al-Mustakfi bi'llahi bni l-Muktafi
946-74 334-63 al-Muti' ibni l-Muqtadir
974-91 363-81 al-Tai'i' ibni l-Muti'
991-1031 381-422 al-Qadir bi-amri'llah
1031-75 422-67 al-Qa'im
1075-94 467-87 al-Muqtadi
1094-1118 487-512 al-Mustazhir
1118-35 512-29 al-Mustarshid
1135-36 529-30 ar-Rashid
1136-60 530-55 al-Muqtafi
1160-70 555-66 al-Mustanjid
1170-80 566-75 al-Mustadi'
1180-1225 575-622 an-Nasir li-Dini llah
1225-26 622-23 az-Zahir
1226-42 623-40 al-Mustansir
1242-58 640-656 al-Musta'sim

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Sat May 01, 2010 3:34 pm
by yeezevee
A family tree of early Muslim leaders belonging to the tribe of Quraysh

http://www.al-islam.org/masoom/bios/famtree.gif" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Sat May 01, 2010 3:44 pm
by yeezevee
Let Us Learn A bit About Caliphs

Let me put here briefly the so-called rightly guided Caliphs who were alive and related and also fought wars for the sake of Islam during the time of Prophet of Islam

1- Abu Bakr (632-634):

After Mohammed’s death, the leadership of the Umma (Muslim Community) was taken up by Abu Bakr, who took the title Caliph. This title, which means "successor," indicates that he was the successor to the Prophet of God. This means that he claimed all Mohammed’s political and administrative power, and that he became the religious leader. Arabia is unified under Islam by 634.

2- Umar (634-644):

Umar, the second Caliph, lead the Moslem troops to conquer all of Arabia, and then north into Palestine, Syria, Iraq and Iran, as well as westward into Egypt and North Africa.

He was murdered by a Muslim slave in 644.

3- Uthman (644-656):

The third Caliph, was elected over the strong contesting by Mohammed’s cousin and son-in-law Ali. Uthman finalizes the Quran Although a pious and humble man, he was a weak ruler and too much influenced by his relatives of the Umayyad clan of the Koreish tribe (who had been "late" converts to Islam). Finally, his supporters turned on him and he was killed by a mob of Muslims in 656.

4- Ali (656-661):

Ali became the last Rightly Guided Caliph in 656. Of the four Rightly Guided Caliphs, Ali was the only one who was a close blood relative of Mohammed. From Mohammed’s death, his followers thought that the succession should not be decided by election, but by birth. They thought that the ability to communicate with Allah was passed on in this way.

These followers were known as the "Shia" ("party") of Ali, formed the basis of what later became Shiite Islam. When Ali was elected Caliph, they believed that their views would finally dominate, but after Ali’s assassination, the leadership of the umma moved to the Umayyads.

Ali was assassinated in 661 by Muawiyah, the founder of the Umayyad Dynasty, who took his place as caliph. Muslim loyalties split, but most remained Sunnis, loyal to the Umayyad Dynasty (about 80% of Muslims). Ali's descendant led the splinter group, the Shi'ites (about 10% of Muslims) Islamic Religion

yeezevee

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Sat May 01, 2010 9:00 pm
by yeezevee
Caliph Abu Bakr Islamic Regime(632-634)

Abu Bakr, Muhammad's father-in-law and the father of Muhammad's most beloved wife, 'Aisha, was with Muhammad from the very beginning. Throughout the military campaigns with Mecca and later with other Arabian tribes, Abu Bakr had proven himself to be a military genius. Abu Bakr immediately called for a military expedition against the Byzantine empire, in part to revenge an earlier Islamic defeat and in part to focus Islamic and Arabian attention.

However, as soon as the Arabian tribes heard of the death of Muhammad, the Islamic peace and most of the alliances broke down. Several tribes revolted—some of these tribes revolted under the leadership of rival prophets. This began the period the Muslims call al-Ridda, or "The Apostasy." All of Abu Bakr's energy in the first years would be focussed on quelling these rebellions and tenuously re-establishing the Islamic peace.

Once the rebellions had been put down, Abu Bakr began a war of conquest. Whether or not he intended a full-out imperial conquest is hard to say; he did, however, set in motion a historical trajectory that in just a few short decades would lead to one of the largest empires in history. Abu Bakr began with Iraq, but before he could attack the Persian empire itself, he died—his death came only two years after he had been named the successor of Muhammad.

yeezevee

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Sat May 01, 2010 9:03 pm
by yeezevee
Caliph Abu Bakr Islamic Regime(632-634)

Abu Bakr, one of the Prophet's first converts and his father-in-law, established the caliphate (khilaafa, or, "succession"), initiating the first dynasty of caliphs (sing. khalifa, plural, khulafaa ). These first four caliphs became known as al-rashidoon ("the rightly-guided ones"), and, they ruled from their capital in Medina. All four were, like the Prophet himself, members of the leading clan of Mecca, the Quraysh, and, thus, were close relatives of the Prophet. The period of the Muslim conquest dates from this time. Abu Bakr sent Muslim armies into Syria and Iraq. Scholars debate about whether it is more proper to refer to the expansion of Muslim power as a jihad ("striving," and "holy war"), or as a hijra, ("migration"). In any case, resistance was minimal. The Byzantine Empire was too weak and torn with internal strife (see Councils of Nicea and Chalcedon) to resist the incoming tide of fresh, vital Arabian energy.

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Sat May 01, 2010 9:11 pm
by yeezevee
Wives and Children of Abu Bakr

Abu Bakr married four wives in all. He had six children, three sons and three daughters.
Qutaila: His first wife was Qutaila. She belonged to the Bani Aamir tribe. She was the mother of two children, Asma and Abdullah. She did not accept Islam, and Abu Bakr divorced her. Some time after 'Hijrat', Qutaila went to Madina to see her daughter Asma. Asma asked of the Holy Prophet whether she could see her mother, and whether she could stay with her. The Holy Prophet permitted Asma to play host to her mother.

Umm Ruman: Her second wife was Umm Ruman. She was the daughter of Aamir bin Umair. She was first married to Abdullah bin Harith. She had one son from Abdullah who was named Tufail. Abdullah was a friend of Abu Bakr, and on his death, Abu Bakr married Umm Ruman. She was the mother of two children of Abu Bakr, namely Abdur Rahman and Ayesha. When Abu Bakr became a Muslim; Umm Ruman also accepted Islam. She died at Madina in 628 C.E. The Holy Prophet himself led her funeral prayers. The Holy Prophet is reported to have said, "If any one wishes to see a houri of the paradise, let him see Umm Ruman".

Habiba: The third wife of Abu Bakr was Habiba. She was the daughter of Zaid bin Kharijah Ansari, with whom Abu Bakr had the bond of brotherhood established by the Holy Prophet. While Umm Ruman lived at Madina, Abu Bakr resided with Habiba in Sukh, a suburb of Madina Habiba was the mother of Umm Kulsum who was born after the death of Abu Bakr.

Asma: The fourth wife of Abu Bakr was Asma She was first married to Jafar bin Abu Talib, a brother of Ali. She migrated with Jafar to Abyssinia in 615 C.E. She had three sons from Jafar, namely, Muhammad, Abdullah, and Aun. In 630 C.E., Jafar was martyred in the battle of Mauta. Six months later, Abu Bakr married her. She had one son from Abu Bakr who was also named Muhammad. She was a stepsister of Umm Salma, wife of the Holy Prophet. Asma was a talented lady. She was well versed in the interpretation of dreams. According to the will of Abu Bakr, Asma was authorized to prepare his dead body for the burial. After the death of Abu Bakr, Asma married Ali from whom she had a son Yahya.
Abdur Rahman: The eldest son of Abu Bakr was Abdur Rahman. His mother was Umm Ruman, and he was the real brother of Ayesha. When Abu Bakr became a Muslim, and his other children were converted to Islam, Abdur Rahman refused to be converted to Islam. Abu Bakr accordingly separated from him. In the battles of Badr and Uhud, Abdur Rahman fought on the side of the Quraish against the Muslims. He became a Muslim after the Pact of Hudaibiya. Thereafter he participated in the various battles fought by the Muslims. At the battle of Yamama, he killed Mahakkam al Yamama, the General Commanding the forces of Musailma. At the battle of Busra in Syria, he entered the city of Busra through a subterranean passage, and then dashing towards the city gates opened them for the main Muslim army to enter it. He died in 675 C.E,, and buried at Makkah.

Abdullah: The second son of Abu Bakr was Abdullah. He was born of Qutaila. He was married to Atika who was the daughter of Zaid bin Amr bin Naufal. She was a cousin of Umar. She was extraordinarily beautiful, and Abdullah was so much lost in her love that he failed to participate in the various expeditions undertaken by the Muslims. He even neglected his prayers. Abdullah was so much overwhelmed with the love of Atika that he could not attend to other duties. Abu Bakr gave vent to his anger, and told his son in plain words that his failings and shortcomings were too serious to be passed over. Abdullah placed himself at the mercy of his father Abu Bakr decreed that the penalty for such lapses was that Abdullah should divorce Atika within three days. Abdullah divorced Atika in pursuance of the command of his father. That, however, upset the mental equilibrium of Abdullah. He would neither eat nor drink. He would sob and sigh and sing heart-rending verses giving expression to his grief over the loss of his beloved. When the Holy Prophet came to know of the matter, he annulled the divorce, and the lovers were reunited. Thereafter, Abdullah was very particular to take care that his love for Atika did not stand in the way of his duty to God. In all the campaigns that were undertaken by the Holy Prophet thereafter, Abdullah took active part and fought valiantly. Abdullah was wounded in the battle of Taif, and later died of these wounds in 633 C.E. in the first year of the caliphate of Abu Bakr. After the death of Abdullah, Umar married Atika.

Muhammad: The third son of Abu Bakr was Muhammad born of Asma bint Asma. He was hardly two or three years old at the time of the death of Abu Bakr. Asma had two sons who both bore the name 'Muhammad', One was the son of Jafar and the other was the son of Abu Bakr. After the death of Abu Bakr, Asma married Ali and Muhammad bin Abu Bakr was brought up under the care of Ali. He was a great partisan of Ali and he was very active in the coup that led to the martyrdom of Usman. During the caliphate of Ali, Muhammad became the Governor of Egypt. When Muawiyiah captured power, he had Muhammad killed.

Asma: The eldest daughter of Abu Bakr was Asma. Her mother was Qutaila who did not become a Muslim and was divorced by Abu Bakr. When the Holy Prophet and Abu Bakr sought refuge in a cave outside Makkah on the occasion of Migration to Madina, Asma used to carry food to them under the cover of darkness. When the Holy Prophet and Abu Bakr left the cave, Asma tore her apron and tied the goods with the two belts. For this ingenuity, she received from the Holy Prophet, the title "She of the two belts".
She was married to Zubair, a cousin of the Holy Prophet. At Madina, soon after migration, Asma gave birth to Abdullah, who was the first Muslim child to be born after migration. After the tragedy of Kerbala, Abdullah declared himself as the Caliph at Makkah. When the Umayyads stormed the city of Makkah, Abdullah consulted Asma who was then eighty years old, as to what he should do. She advised, "If you believe your cause to be right you should be ready to die for it, if on the other hand your object is merely worldly gain, then you may certainly compromise with your enemy". When Abdullah died and the Umayyads had his body hung at the city gate, Asma went to the dead body of her son, and she said pathetically, "The rider is still riding the horse".
Ayesha: The second daughter of Abu Bakr was Ayesha, who had the unique honor of being the only virgin to be married to the Holy Prophet. She became a widow at a young age. During the caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar she enjoyed great influence. When Ali became the Caliph, she was involved in the battle against him. Thereafter she retired from politics, and lived a quiet life at Madina. She was very talented and was an authority on theological and judicial matters.

Umm Kulsum: The third daughter of Abu Bakr was Umm Kulsum. She was born of Habiba bint Zaid Ansari. Umm Kulsum was born after the death of Abu Bakr. On coming of age, Umm Kulsum was married to Talha bin Ubaidullah. On the death of Talha, she married his brother Abdur Rahman bin Ubaidullah.
excerpted from witness-pioneer.org

yeezevee

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Sat May 01, 2010 9:21 pm
by matt2842
Dear yeezevee
I wondered if you have or know any source perfebaly from an arab historian regarding salman al faresi, about his life and his influence on early Islam.

Regards
Matt

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Sat May 01, 2010 9:34 pm
by yeezevee
Dear yeezevee
I wondered if you have or know any source perfebaly from an arab historian regarding salman al faresi, about his life and his influence on early Islam.

Regards
Matt
Dearest Matt., I have not done that, as I am not that good in those languages., But I would love to read and I wish some one like you could do that in the resource center..

Way back in 2003 I started in the old ffi forum on the subject of " Countries and Culture Before and After ISLAM"

For example here is about Iran/Persia

http://www.faithfreedom.org/forum2/viewtopic.php?t=3743" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;

Telling truth to the public is only the way to get rid of rubbish from religions and those who would like to explore and spend their lives with their respective scriptures without hurting others and use the Golden Rule as some sort of guidance to live their live with in their religions, I have no reason to insult them irrespective of their religious background.

Any way I am glad you are reading this thread .

with best wishes
yeezevee

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Sun May 02, 2010 2:12 pm
by matt2842
Dear yeezevee

I always find it much more reliable to read early Arab historians, as they write about the events taken place is such a glorious tone, but unwillingly or unknowingly admiting the truth about what has happend.
Unfortunatly till now I haven't found any book about salman al faresi in early islam, but I am pretty sure there is such a book, and once I get it FFI will be the first place to discuss it.
Regards
Matt

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Mon May 03, 2010 6:24 pm
by yeezevee
matt2842 wrote:Dear yeezevee

I always find it much more reliable to read early Arab historians, as they write about the events taken place is such a glorious tone, but unwillingly or unknowingly admiting the truth about what has happend.
I agree with you dear matt., i wonder whether you could get some names of Early Arab Historians from Islam and other religions.

Few famous names are the following

Ibn Abd-el-Hakam (d. 870 or 871): He was an Egyptian chronicler who wrote the History of the Conquest of Egypt and North Africa and Spain. People consider his work as the earliest Arab account of the Islamic conquests . But again this was written about 150-200 years after those Islamic events occur. You will see plenty of good folks at this link http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Ar ... d_scholars" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;

But as far as Muhammad and his Islam is concerned., Quran, Hadith, Sunnah has enough history to start with, unless people consider them as UNRELIABLE SOURCE
Unfortunatly till now I haven't found any book about salman al faresi in early islam, but I am pretty sure there is such a book, and once I get it FFI will be the first place to discuss it.
Regards
salman al faresi in early islam.. Is this guy from Persia?? http://www.al-islam.org/masoom/companions/salman.html" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false; that is what Shia Muslims write about him..

with best
yeezevee

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Mon May 03, 2010 6:33 pm
by yeezevee
So in continuation of our stories of Caliphs, let us ecap and learn bit more on Early Islam after Mr. PBUH's death. The four Caliphs of Islam are in fact two Father in-laws and two Son- in laws of Muhammad, successively became the leaders of Muhammad's religion Islam. Indeed they made a powerful/BRUTAL Army/political party from Arabian nomads to reign the terror and ruin the cultures/ countries across and around Arabian desert.

1- Abu Bakr (632-634): Father In-law of Muhammad, This FOOL gave away his 9 year old little girl A'isha to that Sex obsessed 53 year old Dirty Old man, Mr . Muhammad.

Abu Bakr, who took the title of Caliph, ( means "the successor to the Prophet of God.") ruled Pagan Arabia under Islam until his death in the year 634. So it was a two year Rule of Mr. Abu Bakr after death of Mr. PBUH.

The Hadrat fool Abu BAKHRA, the Caliph send Usamah to lead expedition to Syria. Battles of Zu Qissa and Abraq. Battles of Buzakha, Zafar and Naqra. Campaigns against Bani Tamim and Musailima. were successful fought by Usamah. ( Our Usamah apparently was son of a freed slave under whom Mr. Prophet had organized an army to fight Roman Army.. we will learn more about our Usamah, OSAMA??)


Hadrat fool Abu BAKHRA also carried out Campaigns in Bahrain, Oman, Mahrah Yemen, and Hadramaut. Raids in Iraq. Battles of Kazima, Mazar, Walaja, Ulleis, Hirah, Anbar, Ein at tamr, Daumatul Jandal and Firaz, Battles of Basra, Damascus and Ajnadin were fought under the leadership of Hadrat BAKHRA.. Mr. Muhammad's father in-law., father of 9 child bride of Mr.Muhammad.

So where is Allah? where is God in Islam? , I don't see any Allah, I don't see any God in Islam, but a Clan war.. Booty and loot . .. That is what I see so far and that is what you have in early Islam.

So, Our First Caliph dies in the year 634 and Hadrat Umar Farooq, father in-law of Mr. PBUH becomes 2nd caliph of Muhammad's Islam. Let us learn a bit about him in the next posts.

yeezevee

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Wed May 05, 2010 4:58 pm
by yeezevee
So Matt mentioned the name of salman al faresi from early islam
I always find it much more reliable to read early Arab historians, as they write about the events taken place is such a glorious tone, but unwillingly or unknowingly admiting the truth about what has happend.
Unfortunatly till now I haven't found any book about salman al faresi in early islam, but I am pretty sure there is such a book, and once I get it FFI will be the first place to discuss it.
Regards
Matt
If we look in to the history of Islam with out Quran and hadith., there appears to be lots of problems. Another Persian name that comes to my mind is al-Hasan al-Basri., Abu Sa'id al-Hasan ibn Abi-l-Hasan Yasar al-Basri), (642 - 728 or 737), also known as Imam Hasan al Basri., It would be nice to see any of his works from Persia/Iraq that could give some early Islamic history..

http://www.al-inaam.com/library/hist_bio/hbasri.htm" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false; (That link was pmed by Matt) and has interesting information on al-Hasan al-Basri.

Re: Let Us Learn a Bit About the CALIPHAS., Mr. PBUH In-Laws

Posted: Thu Jul 08, 2010 3:05 am
by yeezevee
Early Islamic names.. people and their relations..

Aban Bin Usman : (year - 724) : The son of the third Caliph Hazrat Usman. His book Kitabul-maghazi was one of the oldest books on Ghazwah (military expeditions) led by the Prophet, peace be upon him

Abbas: ( year c566 - 653) : The son of Abdul Muttalib and the paternal uncle of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. His son Abdulah Ibn-Abbas was a celebrated authority on Islamic Traditions and law. About a century later, Abdul Abbas of this family laid the foundation of the Abbasid dynasty.The Caliphate rested with the Abbasid dynasty for a period of 509 years (from AD 749 to AD 1258).

Abbas Alamdar year_648 - 680 : The stepbrother of Hadhrat Hussain who was entrusted with the standard (Alam) at the battlefield of Karbala. He was martyred while trying to bring water from the river Euphrates for the thirsty Sakina, daughter of Hadhrat Hussain.

Abd Al Malik Time_646 - 705:
Fifth Ummaiyad Caliph who restored Ummaiyad power after a period of civil war. Abd al-Malik (his full name Abdul Malik Bin Marwan)upheld the solidarity of the ummah against the local Arab chieftains, brought rebels to heel, and pursued a determined policy of centralisation.

It was during the reign of Abd al-Malik that gold and silver coins, decorated with Quranic phrases, were first introduced in Muslim countries. The credit of establishing Post Office for the first time also went to him. Under his rule and that of his son Al-Walid the Muslim empire reached its greater expansion.

In 691, in Jerusalem, the Dome of the Rock, the first major Islamic monument, which proudly asserted the supremacy of Islam in the holy city, was completed under his auspices – "The Mosque of Umar." The Dome, inside of which was decorated with Quranic verses, also laid the foundations of the unique architectural and artistic style of Islam. “The dome itself, which would become so characteristic of Muslim architecture, is a towing symbol of the spiritual ascent to heaven to which all believers aspire, but it also reflects the perfect balance of tawhid. Its exterior, which reaches towards the infinity of the sky, is a perfect replica of its internal dimension. It illustrates the way in which the human and the divine, the inner and the outer worlds complement one another as two halves of a single whole. Muslims were becoming more confident and were beginning to express their own unique spiritual vision.”

Abd al-Malik adopted Arabic as the language of administration in which the peoples could communicate throughout his vast empire and as a result Greek, Aramaic and Coptic ceased to be spoken languages, only Persian survived.