Yohan wrote: Trade became so difficult due to the lawlessness after the Moguls that they conquered it, and established law and order.
A correction,trade did not become difficult due to lawlessness but it was not much favouable to the Company due to the native rulers being in power.The company was paying a pittance to the materials it purchased from locals using strong arm tactics to silence them if they complained.For example when the Company resorted to unfair squeezing trade practices in Bengal,people of Bengal complained to their Nawab who took action against the company..The company thought that if the political power too is in their hands they can have trade on their own terms.
During Moghul times there were Brits, Dutch, Portuguese, French presence all over India. Portuguse were first to establish their own colony . Now lots of monopolistic trades.They must have made lots of money in spice and other trades. As usual they started converting Hindus , Jews , Orthodox Christians by force and started harassing muslims going to Mecca. This was the reason for animosity with Moghuls and Hindus not the difficult trade. Thsi portuguese model was not lost on other European powers . They all waited for right moment to capture territory.
Others had forts in Gujarat, Madras, Keral,Bengal . They all fluorished, otherwise they would not have stayed there for hundred years. Once Moghul empire fell, Brits learnt that now is opprtunity to take sides and establish strong hold to have monopolistic , predatory business practices.After all monopoly is efficient, free trade is waste.. They didnt bring the practice of free and fair trade :mrgreen2: . Anyway, they quickly learnt that almost all rulers were very unprincipled, double dealers, trecherous, too ready to make pacts with Brits.. Brits made them to fight among themselves and finally had strong power hold following 1757 Plassey war.
Other reason was Brits had very disciplined European style army ( including natives) which can easilly defeat mob army of 100000 . Only few hundred Brits and Sepoys were often enough to defeat huge moghul style army. This they accomplished by paying army regularly and practicing simple command drills.