thats not Dutch but Java influence, in Java Language, "ati" mean heart or liver, loro atiku = hurt my heart, atiku deg-degan = my heart pounding, ati ayam = chicken liver.
Hi garudaman, nice to hear from you again.
I think you are not thinking like a historian in this...
the ORIGINAL meaning of "hati" or "ati" in Java was "liver". This is borne out by the fact if you ask for hati ayam in the butcher's shop you get chicken LIVERS and not chicken hearts. Also, all over the Malay region, in Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Brunei, the liver was considered from long ago to be the seat of thought and emotions.
There are also several words in Indonesian for the heart: jantung, inti, perasaan, jiwa, batin ... but there do not have the same additional meaning of a seat of emotion.
So when did "hati" start to mean "heart" in a certain way? When people from the West, the Arabs, and then the Dutch used phrases like "you broke my heart", which would not make sense to an Indonesian mind unless "heart" was "hati", i.e. the seat of emotion. So the "heart" was promoted to be a sort of honorary liver, to make sense of what those foreigners were saying. And that is why "hati" can be both "heart", but mainly as seat of emotion, as well as "liver" the organ.
On a lighter note... suppose a hospital patient is taken to the operating room with just a note "transplantasi hati", what organ should the surgeon remove? And how do you say "heart attack"... isn't that serangan jantung? Or can you say serangan hati as well? I never heard that though....
But garudaman, it is! The ark is lost, and we do not know where it is. A biblical text (2 Maccabees) suggests it was hidden in a cave near mount Nebo in what is today Jordan, but nobody has found it yet. Another tradition says it is in Ethiopia, as some Christians claim.thats not really a problem, just as where's the Ark of Convenant or Babel Tower.
The tower of Babel, if is even was a real building, is long destroyed, as the bible tells us. So neither is MEANT at this time to be easily discovered.
By contrast the Qur'an asserts, that the iron gates built by Dhul Qarnayn would remain until judgement day. Now, garudaman, you can find every inch of this planet on Google Earth, even my front door, with is tiny compared with these gates. So where on earth are they?