The whole sura 25 is named Criterion (Furkan) and many more ayats (2.53; 21.48; 37.117) use this name.
It it said that this was once considered to be Quran's initial name, along with Mushaf, which is Ethiopian.
Now, Furkan is Aramaic (Furkuan) for Redemption. The Quran suggests it was given to Moses (2.53) and
adds that is was a compilation of rights and wrongs (25.1; 21.48). Now, hasn't the Torah enough laws?
http://skepticsannotatedbible.com/quran/25/index.htm" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;
The Tafsir of Ibn Kathir tell us that in the opening verse: ''Allah praises Himself for the Koran'' !!! Deafening...
He goes on stating that: ''The verb Nazzala is a form which implies something done a great deal and often.''
So, what was this Criterion? The Talmud, Mishna, Tosefta, which aren't prescriptive for the Jews? In 21:48 the book is said
to be “light and a guide separating right and wrong.” In 37:117 it is described as “a Book giving clear information.”
As a proper name in Arabic, Furkan means 'evidence'. Well, there's nothing that 'evident' to me about such a book...
The wording 'Mesaniy'
More so, it seems that the Koran wasn't the only book given to Muhammad, as the ayats 15.87 & 39.23 refer to a book
called 'Mesaniy', which is translated: ''We have given thee seven of the oft-repeated (verses) and the great Qur'an'' -15.87.
And in 39.23: ''Allah hath (now) revealed the fairest of statements, a Scripture consistent...'' Some Muslim scholars in their
translations of Koran substituted their interpretations for ‘mesaniy’ with the following description: “We have given you
seven of the pairs”. At first impression, it might be referring to the seven Noachide commandments...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Laws_of_Noah" onclick="window.open(this.href);return false;
Again, the tafsir of Ibn Khatir says about 39.23 that: ''Allah praised Himself for the Noble Quran''.The seven laws listed by the Tosefta and the Talmud are:
1. Prohibition of Idolatry: You shall not have any idols before God.
2. Prohibition of Murder: You shall not murder.
3. Prohibition of Theft: You shall not steal.
4. Prohibition of Sexual Promiscuity, including: adultery, incest, bestiality and homosexual acts.
5. Prohibition of Blasphemy: You shall not blaspheme God's name.
6. Dietary Law: Do not eat flesh taken from an animal while it is still alive. (Genesis 9:4)
7. Requirement to have just Laws: Set up a governing body of law (eg Courts)
The Noahide Laws comprise the six laws given to Adam in the Garden of Eden, and a seventh
(eating flesh from a living animal), which was added after the Flood of Noah.
I stand confounded by such... 'wisdom'!